The beautiful Corfu Island is the second largest island in the Ionian group of islands on the Ionian Sea in Greece. The first largest is the beautiful Kefallonia Island, which is also the sixth largest island in Greece as the whole. Corfu stretches to 593 kilometres and it is the seventh largest island in Greece.
The first five largest islands in Greece respectively are as follows:
The wildflowers, the cypress trees and the olive groves cover the landscape up to the mountain and the scent of the flowers and the herbs flow with the air from the heights.
The northern part of the island is separated by straits from the coast of Sarande, Albania at the north and the coast of Thesprotia, Greece in the south. The Straits of Corfu named also Corfu Channel separates the island and connects the Adriatic Sea at the north with the Ionian Sea.
The Corfu Straits make the core of the trade shipping and tourists’ traffic to Port Saranda in Albania and port Igoumenitsa in Greece and some other international traffic through the Adriatic.
There are 114,000 inhabitants in the beautiful Corfu Island and about 28,185 of the Corfiots are in Corfu Town, the capital of the island.
Most of the populations engage in the agricultural sector, the trading and tourism sectors and fishing in addition to related businesses such as agricultural industry, tourism industry and commerce.
Together with the mountainous mainland region of Epirus, the combined populations of Corfu, Paxos, Lefkas, Ithaca, Kefalonia, Zakynthos, and Kythira constitute less than a twentieth of the population of Greece, yet they have made a huge contribution to the culture of the country, before and since becoming part of the Greek state.
The unsurpassed beauty of the islands and of the Pindus Mountains has stimulated the imagination of countless writers and artists from Homer to Byron, Edward Lear and the Durrells, Louis de Berniéres and Nicholas Gage, as well as scores of nineteenth-century travellers.
There are airports in Corfu, Kefallonia and Zakynoths and there are frequent flights between the airports in these islands and Athens International airport.
In the hot tourism season between May and September, there are many flights from the countries in northern Europe. There are also airsea lines between the Town of Corfu, and the other Ionian islands.
Corfu International Airport (Kerkyra Ioannis Kapodiatrias) is about 1.8 kilometres south of the centre of the town and it takes about 5 minutes drive. Flights by the Olympic Airlines between the airport in the beautiful Corfu Island and Athens airport reach four flights two ways daily. There are eight flights two ways between Corfu and Thessaloniki and three flights weekly to Kefallonia, Zakynthos and Preveza.
The AirSea Lines use their seaplane to run frequent direct and round flights daily between the beautiful Corfu Island, Paxi and Ioannina. Flights depart from Gouvia Marina, about 8.6 kilometres at the northwest of Corfu Town. In addition, the Aegean Airlines run three flights daily between Athens and the beautiful Corfu Island.
The long distance buses, which are green buses on the long distance bus station in Corfu, connect the island with Athens and Thessaloniki in Greece and with Patra in the Peloponnese. Buses run from the terminal A bus station in Athens to the beautiful Corfu Island, Kefallonia, Lefkada and Zakynthos.
The bus that runs from Plateia San Rocco between Corfu Town and Ahillion stops on the main road near the airport. The long distance busses run many times daily from Barbati, Spartera, Kavos, Agios Gordios, Sidhari, Glyfada, Agios Stefanos, Pyrgi, Ermones, Arillas, Paleokastritsa, Messonghi, Aharavi and Kassiopi.
There are also local buses known as blue buses in addition to many local and international car rental services along the north of the waterfront in the centre of Corfu Town, in the airport and in other top resort towns.
The local buses run many times daily from Kanoni, Kouramades, Kombitsi, Kondokali, Agios Ioannis, Pelekas, Evropouli, Ahillion, Benitses, and Analipsi.
KTEL has three trips daily between Corfu Town and Athens, connecting via Lefkimmi south of the island, in addition to two trips between Corfu and Thessaloniki.
The beautiful Corfu Island links to Paxi with ferries and hydrofoils. It has also connection with Brindisi, Bari and Venice in Italy. In addition, Corfu has transport to Albania.
There are daily ferries almost every hour between the beautiful Corfu Island and Igoumenitsa. Car ferries run to Paxi three times weekly and there are six ferries that run between Lefkimmi and Igoumenitsa.
The beautiful Corfu Island shares almost the same history of the other Greek Aegean islands and the territories in the mainland. Nevertheless, Corfu is different from the other Greek islands in some details. In this place, Odysseus met Nausicaa, Queen Elizabeth built a palace and Gerald Durrell fell in love with nature.
In the Greek mythology, Poseidon fell in love with the beautiful nymph Korkyra, the daughter of Asopus and river nymph Metope and brought her to an unnamed island. He offered her name to the place Korkyra and the name has changed to Kerkyra. They had a child they called Phaiax. The inhabitants of the island took the name of Phaiakes.
In reality, however, there is no much of evidence to such myth as the island has existed through long geological formations and separated from the mainland by the strait and Frenchmen mainly built the capital during the reign of Napoleon. Cities of the World Corfu Greece
have all in common something to reality about this. See also the resource section below.
During the rival civilizations of Sparta, Athens and Corinth in the 7th century, the beautiful Corfu Island became an ally of Athens against Sparta.
After the Peloponnesian wars in 431-404 BC, the beautiful Island of Corfu became vulnerable to domination by the ascending power in the mainland of Greece and hence fell in the 3rd century BC under the Roman. When the Roman Empire fell, Corfu and many territories became again vulnerable to different waves of invaders.
It is obviously that the beautiful Corfu Island, Paxos, Ithaka, Lefkas, Cephalonia, Zakynthos (Zante) and Kythera have been inhabited since Palaeolithic times and have a colourful and often turbulent past.
Variously invaded and occupied by the Goths, Arabs, Normans, Venetians, British, Germans and most recently by tourism, they have always absorbed and assimilated other cultures whilst still retaining their unique character and identity.
Corfu is linked to the voyage of Jason's Argonauts. Aphrodite was born on Kythera. Paxos and Corfu were once joined until Poseidon threw his trident and separated them and Odysseus' home was on Ithaka as the mythology in "The Ionian Islands: Corfu, Cephalonia, Ithaka and Beyond
When Constantinople fell, the Venetians controlled Corfu and the other Ionian islands. The islands fell under the French control. The Russian freed the islands in 1977, then the French controlled them again in 1807 and the islands became British protectorates after that.
The Italian invaded the beautiful Corfu Island during the Second World War. When Italy surrendered to the Allies in September 1943, the Germans massacred thousands of the Italians in the Island.
Most beautiful towns, beautiful beaches and beautiful hotels are on different links in the second section of the page below the form. The cities, towns and villages in the Ionian Islands and famous people from the Ionian Islands are also in the second section of the page.
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Municipal Art Gallery of Corfu!
The Municipal Art Gallery is on the eastern part of Saint Michael and Saint George Palace, upstairs at the back of the Art Café Gallery. It is about 230 …
Beautiful Corfu Town!
The beautiful Corfu Town is the capital and the first beautiful town in the Island of Corfu. Kerkyra is the second name of Corfu and the locals give it …
Museums of Corfu! Not rated yet
The museums of Corfu are many as the art galleries and other musical events. Most of those museums are on this page and at the last link on it. The …
Corfu - Useful Resources! Not rated yet
Corfu offers an all-embracing account of the island's rich history, its architecture, country estates, music, social customs, people and the flora and …
All comments, articles about the beautiful Corfu Island and other beautiful sites in the beautiful Corfu Island appear at the second section of the page above this paragraph and under the form. If you have not commented on the beautiful Kerkyra Island or uploaded beautiful pictures, please do that now and enjoy. Thanks.
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