The Ganges Delta has also two other names as the Bengal Delta and the Sunderban Delta. It is the Bengal granary and it lies at the spot where two great rivers meet to construct naturally the fertile land on the delta before they end in one valley into the Bay of Bengal.
The river-created delta lies in the west of Bangladesh, West Bengal and India. It is so fertile for Bengalis to grow crops such as rice, tea, jute or hemp, lentils, oil seeds, sugarcane, and potatoes. Approximately 300 million people depend on those crops, and 130 million of those people live in the delta.
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Swamp forest called sundarbans cover the delta in conjunction with the rivers and swamps. There live endangered animals such as the Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, clouded leopard, Indian python, crocodile and rare blind river dolphin people hunt for prey using echolocation.
Bangladesh itself is a land that the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers formed on this area. Ganges River rises in the Himalayas. Residents on the valleys use the river for irrigation, fishery and electric power.
Indian sing for the river an Indian song I remember in an Indian film about love of course that says, "The Ganges is my mother and the Himalaya is my father," that the hero of the film sang to his girlfriend. So, the Ganges River is a holy river to those Hindu faith followers.
In the same meaning, the poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote in 1916. "I can not keep your waves," says the width of river. "Let me save your footprint in my heart."
These words from the Indian poet; well some source say Bengali poet; and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore, they call in Bangladesh "Bengal bard" is just as valid today as when they were written nearly a hundred years ago.
About (700 rivers according to wikipedia, 230 according to Reuters) with their tributaries and distributaries flow through Bangladesh and form many small islands and deltas and most of the country is formed out of the silt they built on the banks of the delta.
However, Bangladesh has limited control on the rivers, although it launched ambitious campaigns and programs that cost $1.5 to save the rivers.
The two major rivers, Ganges and the Brahmaputra meet in the Bay of Bengal, where they produce the huge Ganges Delta, in addition to Meghna River in the southwest.
Rivers, which fertilize the soil of paddy fields in the low-lying delta with their rich nutrients, are equally essential for the local farmers, which are two thirds of the population, as they can be dangerous because of flooding.
The Delta extends over 105,000 square kilometres to cover the entire southern part of Bangladesh and continues into the Indian state of West Bengal. It is extremely vulnerable to climate change that will increase precipitation and cause more frequent and stronger hurricanes and floods.
With a predicted increase in temperature, the sea level will surely rise significantly during this century. It will mean that parts of the Ganges Delta will be permanently flooded within the next 50 years. In 2050, around one million people may be forced to leave their farmlands in the Ganges Delta.
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