They call Yamal Peninsula in Siberia, Russia the end of the world. However, the world is not a square! It is an egg ;-)
Well, Yamal Peninsula is one of the coldest beautiful sites in the world. It is the world's best-preserved example of indigenous reindeer in the northernmost part of Siberia.
The following lines are about the area and its indigenous reindeer. If you have more information about this topic, please use the form at the bottom of the page to write it. Thank you so much.
The peninsula extends 700 kilometres to reach the Gulf of Ob in the east and Kara Sea and Baydaratskaya Bay in the west. The subsoil is permanently frozen and temperatures on the tundra can drop to 50C in winter. Yamal means "End of the World".
Large-scale reindeer husbandry continues in its traditional form in Yamal. Here live 300,000 wild reindeer, which have adapted to the seasons in Siberia.
When the upper soil defrosts in summer, the reindeer graze in the northern region. In the fierce cold of winter, they migrate south of the Arctic Circle to the central Siberian Plain.
Nenets, follow the herds. Those are nomadic indigenous people in the northwestern Siberia, whose life and culture revolve around the migration of the reindeer.
They are the only herders in the world who live in total harmony with the reindeer, following migrating herds for thousands of kilometres throughout the year. They have around 500,000 of domestic reindeers.
During the migrations, enormous caravans stretch for up to eight kilometres in long columns, and one sees some of the reindeer pulling sledges loaded with people and camping equipments from a distance.
Since the average temperature in winter is well below 25º C, the Nenets wear coats made from several layers of reindeer skin.
Global warming is expected to raise the average temperature by up to 7º C over the next 70 to 90 years. This will have a detrimental effect on the permafrost.
The added warmth will allow trees to spread out on the tundra, where reindeer graze, and it will thaw the permafrost up and make the ground too soggy for the herds to cross. If this happens, the thousand-year-old nomadic culture of the Nenets will seriously be at risk.
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