Borneo in Indonesia is one of the beautiful islands in the world. The beautiful site covers a huge land that goes into three countries. Some people call this island the land of the forest people. They mean by forest people the Orangutans. The island is divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.
Here is a brief talk about this island in Indonesia, which covers only this topic. However, if you have been at the island, or if you have more information to mention about it from a different angle, please use the form on this page to write it.
Part of the island in Indonesia where 12.000.000 people live is called Kalimantan and the second part of the island in Malaysia where 6.000.000 people live is called East Malaysia or Malaysian Borneo. Brunei occupies the third part of the island since its independence. The island spread to cover 743,330 square kilometre and is home of thousands of different aquatic species.
It is known that the Orangoutans are the last of Asia's great apes. Unfortunately, they are endangered species today. The total wild population in the wild numbers a mere between 40,000 and 50,000 animals and that is only half of the number 20 years ago. The majority of Orangutans live in the rainforests of the island and about 7, 5000 of them are in Sumatra.
With arms that are twice as long as my legs, Orangutans are the largest tree-climbing animals on the globe. They are rarely seen on the ground. They prefer to move from tree to tree, while they eat fruit, leaves, bark and insects and sleep in nests made of branches and foliage.
Orangoutan means "person of the forest", and the word comes from the Malaysian and Indonesian words orang, meaning human, and hutan, meaning forest.
Orangutan has 96.4% of its DNA in common with humans and is one of our closest relatives. It is highly intelligent. Through human observation, we have seen orangutans using eating tools and fashioning rain hats and making waterproof to take over their nests for protection from heavy rains.
Borneo's rainforest is being cleared of trees. Both legal and illegal logging, construction of roads and the transformation of forest areas into large oil palm plantations has led to widespread deforestation.
The extensive destruction has had brutal consequences for orangutans and other endangered species, like Borneo pygmy elephant and the Borneo rhinoceros. Palm oil is an important prime export commodity for Indonesia and Malaysia and meets a growing Western demand for vegetable oil and bio fuels.
Global warming imposes further pressure on the Orangutan population. Rising temperatures reduce the abundance of fruit and increase the incidence of malaria cases and the risk of forest fires.
With logging and land cultivation as the main culprits, up to 98% of the natural rainforests in Borneo-island and Sumatra may disappear in 2022, unless there are drastic changes. Orangutans may be the first of the great apes to be extinct.
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