The beautiful Kos Island is the 3rd largest island in the Dodecanese complex of islands after the beautiful Rhodes Island, which is the forth largest island in Greece and the 1st largest island in the Dodecanese group... and after the beautiful Karpathos Island, which is the second largest island in this group.
How large is the beautiful Island of Kos and how many inhabitants it has?
- The beautiful Island of Kos reaches 290 square kilometres, stretching off the southwestern coast of Turkey at the southeast of the Greek Aegean Sea, south of Kalymnos Island and northeast of Astypalea.
There are more than 17,890 residents in the island, which makes it the second populated island in the Dodecanese group of Greek islands on the Aegean Sea, after Rhodes.
The 3rd populated island in this group is the beautiful Kalymnos Island at the north of it and the 4th is the beautiful Leros Island, at the north of Kalymnos. Karpathos is the 5th populated island in this regard, followed by the beautiful Patmos Island, Symi and Astypalea.
Most of the population lives in the Capital City of Kos, as the capital absorbs more than 17,890 of them, which makes it in turn the second large populated capital city amongst the capital cities of the Greek Dodecanese islands.
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There are many archaeological remains scattering in the fertile land of the beautiful Kos Island, which makes it the second richest archaeological island in the Dodecanese group after Rhodes. Its waters and fertile land attracted people to settle in the island since the ancient Greek times. See the history of the beautiful Island of Kos near the form or below it.
The Island of Kos is connected to Greece and other Greek islands by air and sea. There are three daily flights and sometimes more than three daily flights served by the Olympic Airlines from Kos to Athens, three weekly flights to Rhodes, three weekly flights to Leros and three weekly flights to Astypalea. See CheapOair at the right column.
The airport is about 26 kilometres at the southwest of Kos Town. The Olympic Airlines has bus service connected to Kefalos buses that stop roundabout near the entrance of the airport.
The local bus station is near the Olympic Airlines bureau, at the west of it. Buses run to most of the towns regularly and reach the important beaches in the beautiful Island of Kos.
Ferries link the beautiful Kos Island with the entire group of islands in the Dodecanese, the Cyclades group of islands and with the port of Piraeus in Greece. Some of three ferry companies run ferries weekly to the other islands from Kos. The sea route runs from Kos to the beautiful Samos Island, Rhodes, Patmos and Thessaloniki.
Ferries also run daily in the hot season of summer between Kos and Bodrum Town in Turkey and the service include shipping cars. The Aegean Hydrofoils and Catamaran companies serve excursions daily in the summer season between Kos and Rhodes, connecting with the main islands in the group and the northeastern Aegean group of islands. The sea line includes Ikaria, Samos and Fourni.
The beautiful Kos Island has many boat excursions around the island and the nearest islets as well as boat excursions to Kalymnos, Nisyros and Pserimos. There are also many car rental services, motorcycle rental services and bicycle rental services in the island.
In addition, the city tour train in Kos Town runs from the area of Kos Municipality. The train runs from the Municipal Tourists Office in Kos to Asklipieion and back from it. See beautiful Kos Towns.
Historical Brief of Kos or Cos!
People settled in the watered, fertile and beautiful Kos Island long time ago in the ancient Greek history. During the Mycenaean times, the island participated in the Trojan War and sent 30 ships to the field of the wars.
The island became an ally of the Rhodian cities of Ialysos, Lindos and Kamiros in the 7th and the 6th century BC. The island prospered at that time. During 477 BC, and earthquake damaged parts of the island and the Persians took it after that. It joined the Delian League sooner after that and gained its prosperity back.
The beautiful Kos Island became more prosperous and the most famous island after the birth of Hippocrates, the father of medicine, who was born in the island in 460 BC, lived there and died in 377BC. They built the medical school after his death to carry his teaching methods.
Ptolemy II, the king of Egypt was born in the beautiful Kos Island in 309 BC and when he became king of Egypt, the island became a prosperous trading centre.
The Roman dominated the island in 130 BC, until its administration went to Rhodes in 1315, when the Venetian controlled it and then sold it to the Knights Hospitaller.
The Knights fled the island leaving it to the Ottoman Empire in 1523 to rule it for 400 years. The island then became Italian in 1912.
The German troops conquered the British troops in the island during the Second World War in the battle of Kos and occupied the island until 1945. It became after that a protectorate of the UK until Greece took it in 1947.
For more information about, the towns, the hotels and the beaches in the beautiful Kos Island, please see the second section of the page below the form. You can use this form to write in details what interests you in the beautiful Kos Island! Thanks.
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