How the Wildlife Moves in Serengeti Mara Savannah?
The Serengeti and the Masai Mara savannah in Kenya
and Tanzania cover a combined area of some 25,000 square kilometres and they form together a unique continuous ecosystem, called the Serengeti-Mara system.
This page is about this Savannah in Tanzania. You can read about the Masai Mara and Mount Kilimanjaro
on this page here. However, Mount Kilimanjaro lies in the borders between Kenya and Tanzania. There is more information about this statement at the link above.
Nevertheless, Kenya connects to the Horn of Africa
through the (IGAD) - Intergovernmental Authority on Development. To get a political view supporting the ecological information and other facts about the topic of this page link to the political views on Kenya
If you have more information about those areas, you can use the form at the bottom of the page to write it. If you decided to write about politics in those areas, link to the HOA's Political Scene
here. Many thanks.
The Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem is the site of the longest, largest and most diverse migration of grazing animals in the world. This migration as seen on the picture above includs 1.3 million wildebeest.
Both areas where the Masai live stretch east of Lake Victoria in southwest Kenya and north Tanzania, respectfully, where there are two Parks, the Masai Mara National Park and the Serengeti National Park.
Every year in July hundreds of thousands of wildebeest, migrate north from the plains of the Serengeti in Tanzania to the fresh, green pastures of the Masai Mara savannah in Kenya. This migration also includes large herds of zebras and gazelles.
Wildebeests have always been in migration searching for food in open areas like the areas of the Mara. The huge grey wildebeests provide protection against the kind of hungry predators – lions, cheetahs and leopards – that inevitably prey on such a heaving mass or herbivores, Hyenas, marabou storks and other scavengers.
In October, led by the wildebeest, the whole caravan of migrating animals turns around and heads south again towards the Serengeti savannah. Urban settlements and privately owned farmlands surround the Serengeti-Mara National Park, so expansion is not an option.
The area where those large groups of people live is the greatest wildlife areas in the world and one of the world's most significant areas of indigenous and nomadic lifestyles. Including the Masai, there are 126 tribes in Tanzania.
The alternating green pastures depend on seasonal rainfall, and the current outlook for climate change indicates that precipitation patterns in the region will change.
It is impossible to say with certainty where rain will fall in the future, but it seems likely that much of it will be outside the boundaries of the protected area of Mara.
Any change of this nature would pose a serious threat to the ecosystem and to the survival of the migrating animals.
Read about other indigenous people through the following pages: Altai Mountains
, Bay of Plenty
, Boreal Forest
, Herschel Island
and Norwegian Tundra
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