This is a completion to the article about Tuvalu Islands on the main and first page, I published about Tuvalu here. See relevant pages at the bottom.
With its tropical maritime climate, Tuvalu has severe climate conditions. The temperatures range monthly between 28-31º C and the rainfall is high; it reaches sometimes 3400mm in Funafuti and other parts of the island in the south, especially between November and February.
The trade winds blow from the southeast of Tuvalu Islands lightly between May and October and changes to northwest during the cyclone season from November to April.
The cyclones of Gavin, Hina and Keli hit Tuvalu several times in the past starting in 1894 through 1972 to 1990, although the island state is out of the cyclone belt.
The fauna could be somewhat rich, but the flora is somewhat poor. Tuvalu Islands have infertile atoll soils. However, about 50 endemic plant species grow in the islands.
The plants, which grow there, include coconut palms, ferns and scrub and the cultivated plants are banana, breadfruit, cassava and taro.
The wildlife on the Conservation Area in Funafuti is protected, including many bird species. However, locals in the outer islands take some of those birds in their meals.
There is diversity in the marine life of Tuvalu Islands and few mammal species live on the water around the atolls.
Dolphins and manta rays live in the lagoon of Funafuti. The turtles migrate to other parts of the Pacific and return to breed in Tuvalu Islands. Some other species include frogs, indigenous birds, insects, land crabs and Lizards. There are other animals such as cats, domestic dogs, pigs and rats.
There were 10,900 inhabitants in the Islands of Tuvalu during 1998. After 2001, the number of the populations has dropped to 10,477.
About 43% of the Tuvaluan live in Funafuti. A small number of Tuvaluans migrate to some other countries, as students, phosphate workers and seamen.
About 800 Tuvaluans work in the phosphate mining in the Republic of Nauru, which lies on the Pacific at the northwest of Tuvalu Islands.
The problem in this regard is that Funafuti has the highest density, as there are 1600 inhabitants per square kilometres.
It is expected that the number of populations will explode to double in the coming 41 years. In addition, at any circumstances that the phosphate of Nauru runs out of production, Tuvaluans will return to their homeland.
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