Leros Brief History!

The Greeks liberated the beautiful Leros Island during the Greek revolution in 1821 and made it the base of the Greek navy.

The Treaty of London in 3 February 1830 determined the borders of the new Greek state and it gave the islands in the eastern Sporades to the Ottomans.

However, Leros had a joint administrative council constituted of both the Greeks and the Ottomans.

The Italians occupied the island again in 1912. The British came to the island and used it as naval base from 1916 to 1918.

The Treaty of Lausanne signed in Switzerland in 24 July 1923 supported the Italians and the beautiful Leros Island along with the other islands in the Dodecanese remained under their control.

The island began to appear Italian with some Italian styled constructions in the towns. They build the model town of Portolago using their Italian architecture.

The Greek named it Lakki after that and the Italian style remains in the buildings along and behind the harbour.

During the years of the Second World War, Mussolini used the island strategically depending on its forts, large deep natural harbour and landlocked bays to strengthen the position of the Italians and keep controlling the eastern Mediterranean Sea. However, the island faced heavy bombing.

Raids by the British until 15 September 1943 helped them to get the island after the collapse of the Fascist and the British administration lasted until 7 March 1948, when the beautiful Leros Island and some other islands joined Greece.

Useful Historical Source

Churchill's Folly: Leros and the Aegean (Cassell Military Paperbacks)

Many of the Greek islands of the Dodecanese are popular tourist resorts today. However, in 1943 those beautiful islands were the scene of the last German invasion and occupation during the Second World War.

The Italians had occupied the islands since 1912 but after the Italian Armistice of 8 September between Italy and the Allied Forces announced by the Allied radio with the downfall of Benito Mussolini, Winston Churchill seized the opportunity to open a new front in the eastern Mediterranean.

Rejected by the Americans, it was a proposal fraught with difficulties and, ultimately, one that was doomed to failure. The British garrison troops occupied the territory with the assistance of naval forces, but with little or no air cover.

Some of Germany's finest opposed them, including units of the esteemed Division Brandenburg, with ample air and sea support. Three months of operations ended with a British defeat and with the Aegean under German occupation until the end of the war.

The author has drawn on British, German and Italian sources and used graphic eyewitness accounts to provide detailed retelling of the struggle for possession of the Dodecanese, and the battles for Kos and Leros in particular.



** You are here at Leros Brief History.

** See the entry page to this comment at Beautiful Leros Island.

** Read more information about Leros at Leros Municipality.

** Write about your beautiful city at Any Beautiful City.

** Subscribe to the Beautiful Scene Newsletter.

** Subscribe to the 100 Beautfiul Sites in the World's feeds through the small orange button at the top.

Click here to post comments

Join in and write your own page! It's easy to do. How? Simply click here to return to Contribute to 100 Beautiful Sites in the World!.

Give the Owner of 100 Beautiful Sites in the World a Big Hand! "Like", "Pin" the Pictures, or "Tweet". Thanks.

Bean, Cloud Gate by the Indian Architect Anish Kapoor at the Millennium Park, Chicago.

What makes a place beautiful?

A beautiful place loses its beauty if the people were not so beautiful. Beautiful people make their place beautiful. Hard people make their place hard and careless people make their place ugly! (1) Is it only you that makes the place beautiful? (2) Answer at Any Beautiful City.

Boy by Ron Mueck in Aros, Arhus, Denmark.

Best Travel Offers to Beautiful Places in the World!

There are many cheap traveling packages to different places in the world. I expect to see many of them here. But, it is absolutely good idea to investigate each opportunity, carefully, compare prices and then decide to take the best opportunity and fly with it.

Sphinx, Egypt 100 Beautiful Sites

Forward 100 Beautiful Sites!

Like 100 Beautiful Sites? Email this to Friends... Use the form at Forward 100 Beautiful Cities.

Navajo Reserve Monument Vally, Utah.

Share Your Beautiful City!

Share your beautiful city of birth or your beautiful city of residence with 100 Beautiful Sites in the World. Share your beautiful town and let us all read about it and know about it. Upload beautiful pictures from your city or town and invite your friends to read about it and comment on your writings and photos. You control this through the form at Any Beautiful City or the User Interface.

Salt Lake City, Utah, American Wild West.

Subscribe to 100 Beautiful Sites in the World Feeds!

See the small buttons on this page. Click on the RSS orange button at the top left column and subscribe to news feeds from 100 Beautiful Site in the World. You can also subscribe to these feeds through your Yahoo, Google, and Bing using the buttons below it.

Saint Louis Gateway Arch, Major Port, Mississippi River, Louisiana.
View from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Empowers the 100 Beautiful Sites in the World.